The hazardous extent of planet temperature increase has been set 20 degrees under the international documents. Cumulative emissions of carbon dioxide must be limited to about 2,900 gigatons, while 65% of carbon already has been released into the atmosphere. A total of 1000 gigatons has been left, which can be emitted into atmosphere. If this threshold is exceeded, global warming process can become irreversible. Diana Harutyunyan, UNDP Climate Change Programme Coordinator, presented forecasts and opportunities for Armenia, as well as actions expected from Government at the press conference held at EcoLur Press Club.
She mentioned that United Nations report published in October 2014 says that temperatures have already warmed by 0.7 of a degree since 1950 and by 0.85 of a degree since 1880. Ocean level has already increased by 18 cm. As a result, the number of migrants from islands to the continents already reaches 80,000, which is ‘a political process’, as Diana Harutyunyan mentioned.
‘The countries expressed their willingness to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. The first document has been presented by Switzerland – 40% of emission reduction by 2030. One week ago the European Union presented that countries shall reduce emissions by 40% by 2030 and 80% by 2050.’
Armeniw is a vulnerable area in regard with global warming. Temperature increase in our country already exceeds the average indicators of the planet and makes up 1.03 degrees.
If planet rates of greenhouse gas emissions are not constrained, the temperature in Armenia will increase by up to 5% in Armenia by 2100 and the most vulnerable areas will be Ararat Valley, Meghri area and Tavush Region.
‘A Climate Change Interdepartmental Board has been established, which coordinates the compliance and adoption of state policy and founding documents. A decision has been reached to submit its position by the end of June in regard with the indicator of limiting greenhouse gas emission Armenia is willing to undertake.’
Besides, MES Meteorological Center Head Zaruhi Petrosyan presented the status quo of the weather and noted that in 2014 the annual average temperature was recorded 1.5 degrees higher than the standards, while precipitation level is 7% lower than the standard. The warmest years were recorded in the recent 20-30 years.
‘Since 2009 we have been recording only warm winters not to mention this winter, which falls behind a little from the winter in 2010. If the first months of the winter in these years were comparative without any temperature deviation, the temperature of January for 2010 was higher than the standard by 6 degrees, this year it was 4 degrees and 6 degrees in February,’ Zaruhi Petrosyan said.
To be continued.
The “EcoLur” Informational NGO is organizing series of events aimed at public involvement and awareness raising targeted to the future climate change policy directions and development of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) of the Republic of Armenia under UN Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC).
The material is prepared by 'EcoLur' Informational NGO under UNDP Climate Change Program, within the framework of ARM-002/2015 Contract. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States.
13:39 March 17, 2015