Armenia proceeds to developing alternative energy: our country has already drawn up programs to develop, wind, solar, geothermal and hydropower, as well as biomass energy. Energy carriers through renewable energy resources will help to significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Moreover, for this purpose the Armenian Government is developing programs to develop electric transport as well, as Daniel Stepanyan, Renewable Energy Development Department Head at Energy and Natural Resources Ministry, said in his interview with EcoLur.
EcoLur: How do you assess the status quo of energy sector and what’s its share in ensuring energy safety in our country?
D. Stepanyan: Energy and Natural Resources Ministry focuses on the development of renewable energy: we have developed basic documents needed to ensure this development – RA Law “On Energy”, RA Law “On Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy”, strategic documents of the Armenian Government, energy safety concept paper approved by the President’s decree in 2013, the provisions of which say that 20% of all consumed energy in the Republic of Armenia and 10% of all the energy consumed by vehicles shall be energy carriers produced with the application of renewable energy resources by 2020, as well as a number of other documents.
In energy sector around 26 of energy production was ensured by renewable energy resources in 2014. We have only one wind station in operation with 2.64 MW projected capacity. It’s planned to construct three hydropower plants of average capacity on the Araqs River with a private Iranian company - Meghri HPP with 100-130 MG capacity, Loriberd HPP – 66 MW capacity and Shnogh HPP – around 75 MW capacity.
In the frames of expanding renewable energy by Climate Investment Funds, financial means will be provided to Armenia to construct solar photovoltaic power stations with 40-50 MW. Funds will be provided to carry out geological prospecting in Karkar geothermal area.
EcoLur: In which areas of Armenia is it planned to develop wind and solar energy?
D. Stepanyan: In 2003 the NREL developed maps of wind energy reserves in Armenia, which assesses the total capacity of economically beneficial wind power stations around 450 MW with annual production of around 1.26 billion kWh.
EcoLur: In your evaluation, to what extent greenhouse gas emissions will be reduced due to alternative energy and what are the perspectives in this field?
D. Stepanyan: Energy sector can ensure quite significant reduction of emissions, which is prescribed in all our strategic programs. By developing renewable energy and ensuring energy efficiency we definitely reduce the use of energy carriers, which emit greenhouse gases into atmosphere.
EcoLur: Whether our rivers have such potential and how many SHPPs are planned to be constructed?
D. Stepanyan: This amount is not infinite and one day its potential in energy will get exhausted.
The “EcoLur” Informational NGO is organizing series of events aimed at public involvement and awareness raising targeted to the future climate change policy directions and development of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) of the Republic of Armenia under UN Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC).
The material is prepared by 'EcoLur' Informational NGO under UNDP Climate Change Program, within the framework of ARM-002/2015 Contract. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States.
14:56 April 16, 2015