On 4 May 2015 round table entitled “Discussing Ways to Reduce Greenhouse Gas Emissions Under Light of Energy Safety” was held at EcoLur Press Club in the frames of UNDP/GEF “Organization of the public involvement in the discussions on future policy directions of Armenia under UN Climate Change Convention”.
Below is Aram Gabrielyan’s speech, National Focal Point of the UN Framework Convention of Climate Change. He particularly said, “When the convention was adopted, the main burden was imposed on economically developed countries. Under the convention, if they should have reduced the main burden of greenhouse gas emissions and at the same time transferred proper technologies to developing countries, the rate of climate change could be restrained so that the ecosystems could manage to adapt and the economies not to suffer. Nevertheless, since 2005 it has been observed that such differentiation of commitments among countries has no perspective, i.e. the convention aims can’t be reached. Negotiations were launched and at Copenhagen Climate Change Conference an agreement was sought to be adopted, where also developing countries will undertake certain commitments. The adoption of an agreement having legal force was failed in Copenhagen. At that time there was uncertainty to what extent global temperature increase was admissible. Only five years ago a decision was adopted on determining the permissible threshold for global temperature increase. Based on the scientific studies, all the countries agreed not to exceed the threshold of two degrees, but at the same time around 130 developing countries, including Armenia, prefer degrees. It’s natural that the distribution of commitments on reducing greenhouse gas emissions depends on this threshold. After the failure of the Copenhagen conference, at the 20th conference in Lime so-called Lima Call to World was adopted for all countries to make their contributions to restraining climate change without any exception. At the 21st conference to be held in Paris, a new agreement to the convention should be adopted, probably a protocol, where all the countries shall perform targeted actions to restrain greenhouse gas emissions.
The Republic of Armenia is currently developing its action plan, which shall be submitted to the government and after getting approved shall be submitted to the secretariat of the convention. Comparing similar documents submitted by all countries it will be possible to find out to what extent the provisions therein are complain to reach the aim of the convention to have quantitative indicators for emission restriction.
The “EcoLur” Informational NGO is organizing series of events aimed at public involvement and awareness raising targeted to the future climate change policy directions and development of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) of the Republic of Armenia under UN Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC).
The material is prepared by 'EcoLur' Informational NGO under UNDP Climate Change Program, within the framework of ARM-002/2015 Contract. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States.
14:20 May 14, 2015