What are the consequences of the expected increase in temperature and reduction in precipitation due to climate changes on the biodiversity of Armenia? This issue was discussed at the discussions during the round table entitled “Vulnerability of Ecosystems Conditioned with Climate Change” held at EcoLur Press Club.
“Unfortunately, we don’t have biodiversity monitoring in Armenia and we don’t know what we have, but we try to make forecasts. Let’s first understand what we have and then analyze what increases and what decreases,” said Arman Vermishyan, National Coordinator of Caucasus Nature Fund.
“The second article of Climate Change Convention says that climate change must be overcome at a rate so as ecosystems manage to adapt. It’s very important, as the climate changes, whether or not we want it. Today this function has already malfunctioned. So we propose two approaches: to recover and preserve ecosystems and to operate all economy branches so as not to harm ecosystems,” said Aram Gabrielyan, National Focal Point of UN Framework Convention on Climate Change in Armenia.
“The Third National Communication of Climate Change in Armenia has a chapter dedicated to the vulnerability of biodiversity. If an ecosystem is well managed, climate change will have little impact. During vulnerability assessment other impacts on these ecosystems are taken into consideration. There in another important problem, which should be coordinated by Nature Protection Ministry, as a department in charge of the convention, i.e. to develop adaptability plan for Armenia. The principle is that adaptability should be in line with ecosystem. It’s the position of Armenia,” said Diana Harutyunyan, UNDP Climate Change Programme Coordinator.
As a result of the discussion, the following proposals were made to the government;
· To develop approaches for biodiversity monitoring according to problems (administrative, scientific, impact assessment),
· To establish a board for transparent information on the projects implemented by the ministries,
· To establish boards in the SNCOs of specially protected areas of nature, where not only ministries have their representatives, but also the residents of buffer-zone communities to be able to solve conflicts together,
· Human impact on ecosystems should be standardized based on scientifically substantiated indicators,
· High fluctuations of reservoir level shall take into consideration the vulnerability of current fish fauna,
· To review the operation of HPPs and reservoirs from ichthyological viewpoint,
· To review the principles of standardizing environmental flow of the rivers and to top the operation of SHPPs in low-water months on the rivers with much fish,
· To develop normative documents on the construction of fish passways compliant with the features of rivers in Armenia,
· To include trout in the Red Book of Armenia,
· To hold a monitoring of the rivers flowing into Lake Sevan and used for spawning,
· To ensure stable rates of Lake Sevan increase per year,
· To recover and preserve humid areas and their ecosystems,
· To organize all economy branches so as not to harm ecosystems
· To allow research organizations to support government with their studies for decision-making processes.
The “EcoLur” Informational NGO is organizing series of events aimed at public involvement and awareness raising targeted to the future climate change policy directions and development of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) of the Republic of Armenia under UN Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC).
The material is prepared by 'EcoLur' Informational NGO under UNDP Climate Change Program, within the framework of ARM-002/2015 Contract. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States.
11:58 June 16, 2015