What is the condition of the land in Armenia, what kind of policy does the government run for land resources, whether we will have food safety problem because of climate change and what we should do to face theclimate change? All these questions were discussed at “The Safety of Land resources and Food inLight of Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions” round table at “EcoLur” Press Club. The round table participants were as follows: Garnik Petrosyan, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Lusine Davtyan, Deputy Head at State Service for Food Safety, Asya Muradyan, Head of Air Protection Policy Division Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia, Aram Gabrielyan, National Focal Point of the UN Convention on Climate Change, Ashot Vardevanyan, National Focal Point of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, Hunan Ghazaryan, Director of Scientific Center of Soil Science, Agrochemistry and Melioration, Diana Harutyunyan, UNDP Climate Change Project Coordinator, Georgi Arzumanyan, UNDP Programme Policy Adviser, Anastas Aghazaryan, UNDP Climate Change Program Expert, Armen Danielyan, IFAD/GEF National Coordinator of “Sustainable land management to increase productivity”, Amalya Hambardzumyan, Chairman of “Khazer” NGO, Nune Sarukhanyan, Chairman of “Green Lane” NGO and EcoLur working team.
We present the speech of Georgi Arzumanyan, Environmental Programme Policy Adviser of UNDP: "I don't think that the real problem in Armenia is the lack of resource. In the Republic of Armenia we have two definite problems, let's try to differentiate between the lack of resource and management of resource. The problem is that in some cases the practical activities of our Government contradict the good desires. For example, what lack of water are we speaking about? I understand that there are a series of data and so on, but if we have lack above 70-80 percent, what are we speaking about?
Alarming global statistic numbers are presented about food safety, a problem connected with soil, which is spoken much about. But there are also other numbers. If we examine the last report of FAO we can see that in the United States as much food is thrown per year as it is enough to feed the states of Sub-Saharan Africa. That is, food safety on one hand is connected with consumer behaviour and approach.
Speaking about land problems several main issues, improvement works are mentioned which have been done in the framework of various projects. But if we look back, we can see that the land problems which were raised 20 years ago, are almost the same. Almost nothing has changed, we have all the problems now. Yes, irrigation, the areas used and arable lands have increased to some extent. I think that increase is mainly a result of forming large farms, monopolies (which occupy a large number of areas, lands).
Land is the only field having no national strategy. We don't know what is land in Armenia: a natural resource, an urban development resource, a cadastre unit, what the land is and what expectations we have from it. Land is one of the only fields the management of which has been taken by 11 offices if I am not mistaken, and conflict of interest doesn't allow to give a joint solution to those problems. This is the problem.
I offer and have been repeating for almost 10 years that the country must realize what the land is and first of all develop a strategic approach in land management.
The “EcoLur” Informational NGO is organizing series of events aimed at public involvement and awareness raising targeted to the future climate change policy directions and development of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) of the Republic of Armenia under UN Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC).
The material is prepared by 'EcoLur' Informational NGO under UNDP Climate Change Program, within the framework of ARM-002/2015 Contract.The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States.
13:34 July 16, 2015