What is the condition of the land in Armenia, what kind of policy does the government run for land resources, whether we will have food safety problem because of climate change and what we should do to face theclimate change? All these questions were discussed at “The Safety of Land resources and Food inLight of Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions” round table at “EcoLur” Press Club. The round table participants were as follows: Garnik Petrosyan, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Lusine Davtyan, Deputy Head at State Service for Food Safety, Asya Muradyan, Head of Air Protection Policy Division Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia, Aram Gabrielyan, National Focal Point of the UN Convention on Climate Change, Ashot Vardevanyan, National Focal Point of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, Hunan Ghazaryan, Director of Scientific Center of Soil Science, Agrochemistry and Melioration, Diana Harutyunyan, UNDP Climate Change Project Coordinator, Georgi Arzumanyan, UNDP Programme Policy Adviser, Anastas Aghazaryan, UNDP Climate Change Program Expert, Armen Danielyan, IFAD/GEF National Coordinator of “Sustainable land management to increase productivity”, Amalya Hambardzumyan, Chairman of “Khazer” NGO, Nune Sarukhanyan, Chairman of “Green Lane” NGO and EcoLur working team.
We present the speech of Diana Harutyunyan, UNDP Climate Change Programme Coordinator, "In terms of emissions of greenhouse gases our country must take certain commitments under the new Agreement which will be accepted at the end of this year at the Convention conference of parties which will take place in Paris. A great importance is given to that new Agreement as all the countries must take certain obligations to decrease emissions, so making contributions in the fight against global warming. Armenia must develop a document of those commitments/contributions and by October, it must be presented to the Secretariat of the Convention as the position of Armenia. In that document Armenia as a developing country, like other developing countries, plans to include the adaptation issues of some vulnerable sectors.
Which sectors are vulnerable in Armenia, what problems can and must Armenia solve itself, applying certain policy and measures, what means should Armenia ask the international community to solve those problems and in what directions? Today's problem under discussion refers to the emissions caused by changing land use changes, when hayfield, forest or so on high humus or carbon containing land is converted. The loss of humus is a loss of CO2 which is also calculated in the balance sheet of national greenhouse gas emissions. And if the country takes certain commitments to limit emissions it also refers to the policy on protection and development carbon absorbers such as land and forest resources.
The second problem we have today is food safety problem connected with climate change, which is also defined as a climate risk and loss. There are inevitable losses but there are also ways to reduce losses. To reduce those negative impacts and to receive international targeted support it is important to make clear that it is not a result of bad management but a result of external factors.
The challenges of the agricultural sphere under climate change are not the problems of only one ministry. Financial instruments, appropriate economic incentive mechanisms are necessary, such as e.g. the agriculture insurance. Its importance is mentioned in the agricultural strategy however the solution is mainly in the competence of the Central Bank and the Ministry of Finance.
Armenia must present its position –INDC by October 1, 2015. It is important to present the country's interests properly in international processes but it is also binding commitment, which means accountability and targeted use of the received support."
The “EcoLur” Informational NGO is organizing series of events aimed at public involvement and awareness raising targeted to the future climate change policy directions and development of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) of the Republic of Armenia under UN Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC).
The material is prepared by 'EcoLur' Informational NGO under UNDP Climate Change Program, within the framework of ARM-002/2015 Contract.The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States.
15:26 July 16, 2015