What is the condition of the land in Armenia, what kind of policy does the government run for land resources, whether we will have food safety problem because of climate change and what we should do to face theclimate change? All these questions were discussed at “The Safety of Land resources and Food inLight of Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Emissions” round table at “EcoLur” Press Club. The round table participants were as follows: Garnik Petrosyan, Deputy Minister of Agriculture, Lusine Davtyan, Deputy Head at State Service for Food Safety, Asya Muradyan, Head of Air Protection Policy Division Ministry of Nature Protection of the Republic of Armenia, Aram Gabrielyan, National Focal Point of the UN Convention on Climate Change, Ashot Vardevanyan, National Focal Point of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification, Hunan Ghazaryan, Director of Scientific Center of Soil Science, Agrochemistry and Melioration, Diana Harutyunyan, UNDP Climate Change Project Coordinator, Georgi Arzumanyan, UNDP Programme Policy Adviser, Anastas Aghazaryan, UNDP Climate Change Program Expert, Armen Danielyan, IFAD/GEF National Coordinator of “Sustainable land management to increase productivity”, Amalya Hambardzumyan, Chairman of “Khazer” NGO, Nune Sarukhanyan, Chairman of “Green Lane” NGO and EcoLur working team.
We introduce you Hunan Ghazaryan, Director of Scientific Center of Soil Science, speech. “The land feed nearly 7,5 billion population of the world. Now lands desertification, movement of natural areas, which resulted land degradation, gradual decline of land with best quality, take place in Armenia, because of the climate change. This affect on decline of soil fertility: erosion, secondary salinization, etc. Humus content in Armenia’s black soil by the average score has dropped by 1 percent, during last few decades. Today, we have 718 thousand hectares of black soils, including cultivated and uncultivated options, the decline implements quickly in cultivated black soils. On average, 25 cm humus layer we have almost 150 million tons of reserves. Nearly 40 million we've lost. The continuation will lead to horrible disaster. Today, we have a land loss everywhere. The land is slowly dying. Desert zone slowly occur in Armenia. But there is also the need to take advantage of the fact that there is no good without evil. There occur temperature increase, as well as the natural zone shift. We can use and adapt with the movement, to develop high-value crops in higher areas. Of course, water resources are not enough, so we need to save the water, to insert new technologies and build small and medium-sized reservoirs. In addition, in the upper zone, where the population is poorer with socio-economic terms, they will have chance to get two crops from high-value crops cultivation. 2015-25 years the Agriculture Development Strategic program, in where is mentioned , tat today mineral fertilizers are imported to Armenia 7-8 times less than in Soviet Union years. The use of organic fertilizers decreased by 18 times. Imagine, we do not give much ground resources, do not have inculcation , what kind of fall can happen by effective and potential decline in fertility of land. The land on which to spread all other sectors of the economy, we use discriminatively: in the construction, or mining, or agriculture spheres and in general. Ararat valley entering and exiting the water balance is negative. It leads to a groundwater basin drying. According to the Ministry of Nature Protection last or the year before’s datas, when entering the billion 270 million cubic meters, the outcome is 500 million cubic meters per second more. Fountained artesian wells have dried up. Related to all these the moisture in the soil, which calculated with water and irrigate water norms, today does not provide. Underground water, which were in 1.5-2 meters deep in Masis and Echmiadzin districts, today is in a depth of 5-7 meters. In other words the irrigate norm increases over 25 percent, not including the number of watering.
The “EcoLur” Informational NGO is organizing series of events aimed at public involvement and awareness raising targeted to the future climate change policy directions and development of Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDC) of the Republic of Armenia under UN Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC).
The material is prepared by 'EcoLur' Informational NGO under UNDP Climate Change Program, within the framework of ARM-002/2015 Contract. The views expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily represent those of the United Nations, including UNDP, or the UN Member States.
16:46 July 13, 2015