Landfill sites contain wastes, which negatively affect human health and environment, which are categorized as industrial, construction, cleaning stations, air-conditioning residues, medical, biological and household wastes.
Wastes are not sorted in Armenia, though there are individual areas designed for construction, medical, radioactive and mining wastes. Solid household wastes are considered to be typical of urban landfill sites in Armenia.
The uncontrolled transportation of products containing mercury is banned with the Minamata Convention, which was ratified in Armenia in 2017. Among solid household waste are plastic and synthetic substances, which don’t undergo biological decomposition processes and can exist in the environment for decades.
Landfill sites are sources of bacterial pollution of the environment and the generation of different epidemic diseases. Animals living in the landfill sites such as dogs, birds and rodents are carriers of such serious diseases. All this can lead to very serious diseases and escalation of epidemic situation which is hazardous for the population.
Taking into consideration that many basic problems didn’t receive their solutions, for example, discharge of wastes, their utilization, sorting and recycling, it can be concluded that nowadays any big city is on the verge of biological and bacterial pollution.
September 11, 2018 at 14:35