On March 23, the world is celebrating World Meteorology Day, and its motto is "Weather, Climate and Water in Information Age." Statistics show that over 80% of all natural disasters are of meteorological or hydrological origin. The negative effects of climate change are also observed in Armenia. Thus, in the period of 1975-2016, the number of dangerous hydro-meteorological phenomena in Armenia increased by 20% as compared to 1961-1990.
Climate change in Armenia is developing with unfavorable scenarios. According to the Third National Communication on Climate Change in the Republic of Armenia, the forecasts are as follows:
• River flow will decrease by 11.9% by 2030, by 24% by 2070 and by 37.8% by 2100
• Forest ecosystems will be affected by fires, diseases and pests, which can lead to loss of 14,000 to 17,000 hectares of forest area by 2030
• Decline and degradation of agricultural land productivity will continue, with the need for additional irrigation water reaching around 202 million cubic meters.
March 23, 2020 at 13:39