“Green” rights shall be a part of global projects, especially when speaking about “green” economy, “green” energy and “green” projects. “Green” rights are those rights, which shall be protected in those countries, where poor population is dominant and, thus, more vulnerable to the heavy consequences of climate change. This topic was raised by the Civil Society Forum of Eastern Partnership Countries (EaP CSF) in the course of the fifth meeting of Eastern Partnership Panel on Environment and Climate Change held in Brussels on 2-3 March. The quality of life directly depends on the state of the environment, while deterioration of natural resources leads to the deterioration of life quality. The representatives of the EaP CSF paid special attention to hydropower. Independent specialized examinations and results of public monitoring pointed at the problems of hydropower in Armenia, Georgia and Ukraine. The list of problems include destruction of water ecosystems, loss of biodiversity and decrease in the amount of fish reserves, disturbance of landscapes and degradation of land areas. For example, 174 operate in Armenia and this number is increasing thus expanding overload on river ecosystems. In Georgia projects of medium and large HPPs acquired intensive development, which also have expressed negative social effect, including forced resettlement of the local population. In Ukraine and Moldova plans on hydropower development on the Dniester River cause concerns. If these plans come true, around 80% of the population in Moldova and urban population in Odessa making use of the Dniester will be impacted: this problem is reflected in the Resolution 11/АА/2016 of the Eastern Partnership Civil Society Forum on the situation of Dniester river basin adopted by the Assembly of the EaP CSF on 29 November in Brussels. The interested society presented in the delegation of the EaP CSF proposes to include hydropower assessment on the agenda, as a branch, which has essential impact one environment, ecosystems and life quality, and to assess programmes and projects also in this term, including assessment in transboundary terms.
The material was developed in the frames of “Supporting new reforms in SHPP sector through CSO-government dialogue” supported by UNDP/GEF Small Grants Programme".
March 03, 2017 at 13:44