EcoLur continues presenting the series of materials on the residents of impacted residential areas, local active civil society and local government bodies on safety measures related to awareness, preparation in emergencies, and participation in decision-making processes. We are presenting the results of the monitoring carried out in Yeghegnut community in the ANPP-impacted zone, Armavir Region.
In Impact Zone and Without Protection
Yeghegnut Community with over 2000 residents is located at a distance of 8-9 km from the ANPP. The impacted community doesn't have anti-radiation shelters, there are no posters guiding in case of nuclear hazards, no nuclear safety plan. The medical point and school in the community are not supplied with protective means designed for radiation hazards. The only places to hide are basements, which are technically not equipped and can't ensure the safety of the population in case of radiation hazards.
'The residents know that they need to hide in their basements in case something happens. There is no gas mask or other things,' Yeghegnut Community Head Razmik Mkrtchyan said.
Training sessions are held at school: last time it was held in September 2018 with the participation of school teachers and schoolchildren.
Razmik Mkrtchyan and the community residents noted that they are not informed about the discussions of the legal acts aimed at ensuring the nuclear safety of the ANPP and they have never taken part in them. They assessed their knowledge of awareness of nuclear hazards as mainly sufficient.
If there is no irrigation water, then with sewage water'
In the irrigation season, the community is experiencing problems with lack of water. According to community head, there is no water in the Sevjur River, while the water let out of Lake Sevan doesn't reach the community. The land areas are irrigation either with the water from Akhuryan reservoir or the water from deep wells – they have 17 deep wells. Nevertheless, the water is not sufficient and new deep wells are needed. 'If there is no water, the WUC pumps sewage water from Zartonq station,' Razmik Mkrtchyan said.
We speak about the sewage of Armavir and Metsamor towns, which are dumped into the environment without cleaning, filled into the aqueducts of adjacent communities, land areas and cause stink and cholera. Zartonq community and Artashar community also raised about this problem during EcoLur's visits to these communities.
Like other communities in the region, Yeghegnut also doesn't have a centralized system for sewage discharge and a cleaning station. The drinking water is also a problem in Yeghegnut. They have two deep wells and water is supplied via pumps, but the water network is too old. Currently, the water network is being replaced within the frames of the ASPIRED project.
Heating with Gas and Wood
The surveys showed that the residents mainly use gas and wood for heating purposes: gas fees make up 25,000-45,000 AMD, while wood can be used up to 15 cum. This year one cum of timber cost 25,000 AMD. Electricity is used for household purposes monthly spending from 10,000 to 20,000 AMD.
16:04 March 29, 2019