Hayanist Community in Ararat Region with a population of 2046 people has been experiencing problems with drinking and irrigation water for years. The problem with irrigation water has been raised many times both by the residents and the community head, but no avail.
According to Hayanist Village Municipality data, degradation of community-owned land areas has been recorded in Hayanist over recent years because of not irrigating them. Over 150 ha of irrigable areas in the community is currently nor irrigated nowadays. The irrigation is carried out only in the area of 80 ha.
There are four fish farms operating in Hayanist community. The mirror surface of one of the lakes in the fish farms is 4000 sq.m., the others – 4500 sq.m., 7000 sq.m., 20,000 sq.m., respectively. According to Community Head Balabek Sarkisyan, the rent fee of the areas occupied by fish farms for one 1 ha makes up annually 200,000 AMD. According to him, there will be soon a change in the category of land areas, as a result of which fish farms will pay more money to the community.
The outlet water of fish farms can be used for the irrigation of community land areas in Hayanist. In 2017, the irrigation system of Hayanist was reconstruction due to the joint pilot project carried out by the ASPIRED Project and the Environmental Research and GIS Center NGO. A new pumping station has been constructed at the point of fish farm water yield. Due to this project, now it is possible to irrigate 40 ha of land areas in Hayanist with the outlet water of fish farms. Nevertheless, according to Community Head Balabek Sarkisyan, these land areas are mostly not developed because of the absence of agricultural machinery in the community.
Arid Land Areas on Maps and Irrigable in Reality
Under Community Head, 60 ha of agricultural land areas in Hayanist have been recognized as arid under the resolution of the previous Aldermen’s Council. They have found the easiest option – they have made it arid in order to solve the problem with the water. Then these land areas have been divided among the villagers. In this way the land areas have lost their value: no one has dealt with this issue for 25 years,’ Balabek Sarkisyan said.
Non-cultivated land areas because of migration
One of the consequences of not cultivating land areas is the mass migration of community men for jobs. The residents in Hayanist can’t fully deal with agriculture, there are no jobs for most of them. “Some people deal with trade, some deal with construction while others migrate for job,” Commuty Deputy Head Arthur Babajanyan mentions.
Drinking water with white flakes
The water supply in Hayanist is ensured through “Veolia Jur” Company. The drinking water reached Hayanist from Norabats reservoir. Some community residents also complained of the quality of the drinking water. They mentioned they don’t experience problems with drinking water supply but they found it difficult to assess the quality as sufficient. Hayanist kindergarten employee noted that they don’t drink the tap water in their house but use it only in their household and cooking. They buy drinking water from shops monthly paying around 5000 AMD for that.
“The water is salinated. It is impossible to drink tap water because of white flakes generating in it,” the villagers said. Getashen neighborhood residents in Hayanist are sharply facing the problem of irrigation and drinking water.
The residents mention that their rights to clean, good-quality water and water access have been violated.
EcoLur’s next publication will be on the findings of sociological surveys of violation of rights to access water and its consequences and the water problem in Getashen neighborhood.
This publication has been prepared within the frames of “Protect Your Right to Water” project with the support of the American people through the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), whereas the opinions expressed or the content of the publications don’t necessarily represent the official views and opinions of USAID.
14:05 April 04, 2019