Within the framework of "EU4Climate" project, drafts of RA Law "On Climate" and the strategy for long-term development with low greenhouse gas emissions (until 2050) were developed. Artak Baghdasaryan, UNDP "EU4Climate" project Task Lead, presented these documents at a workshop organized ahead of the 28th Conference of the Parties to the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP28) held in Yerevan on October 30.
The law on Climate will regulate the development and implementation of climate change mitigation and adaptation policies, the coordination of these processes, and the legal relations between the state, communities, legal entities and individuals in these processes.
Reminder: within the framework of the Paris Agreement, RA government adopted Resolution 610-L " "On Approving Intended Nationally Determined Contributions of the Republic of Armenia for 2021-2030 under the Paris Agreement" on April 22, 2021. Within the framework of actions laid down at the national level, Armenia has committed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 40 percent by 2030 compared to the level of emissions in 1990. Until 2030, Armenia will double the share of renewable energy in energy production. With the adoption of the new national forest program, it is planned to increase the forest cover by 12.9% of the territory of Armenia by 2030.
Three scenarios for reducing greenhouse gas emissions were presented in the draft strategy. The first scenario does not envisage the implementation of new measures or actions to reduce greenhouse gas emissions until 2050. "This expresses the trajectory of our emissions as a result of the decisions and actions taken so far. If we do not implement any new decision, the amount of emissions per capita will be 8.25 tons," Artak Baghdasaryan noted. The second scenario includes implemented and planned measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions, as a result of which the amount of emissions per capita will decrease to 3.50 tons. In case of the third scenario, by implementing ambitious measures, it will be possible to reduce the amount of emissions per capita to 2.07 tons. Those measures will require additional efforts from the government and the entire public both in terms of financial resources and in terms of adopting and implementing targeted policies," the speaker noted.
According to the report of the RA National Greenhouse Gas Cadastre for 1990-2019, the majority of emissions, 64%, originate from "Energy" sector. Next in terms of emissions is "Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Use" sector at 18.8%, followed by "Industrial Processes and Product Use" and "Waste" sectors at 11.5% and 5.6%, respectively.
November 06, 2023 at 17:26